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都市更新有解!讀讀這本《地方創生最前線》

書摘《地方創生最前線》,行人出版

當初為了解決貧民窟的問題,而在郊外建造社會住宅,但居民基於工作與社群等考量而不願意搬離,使得居住環境的改善遲遲沒有進展,導致市中心開始衰退…

 

里斯本市於是將改善居住環境的方針,從原本的供給新建社會住宅,轉換成翻修原有住宅。市政府對民間所有者實施補助政策,針對改善居住環境的翻修給予65%的補助。這個政策透過活用既有的住宅存量,整頓市中心的居住環境,不僅抑制居民遷出,也成功壓低用於改善居住環境的花費。使用傳統工法翻修,只需新建社會住宅一半的花費,就能供應衛生的住宅。包含耐震補強在內,整頓七千四百件的花費只需一百三十九億歐元,費用相當合理…

 

團隊由建築師、設計師、社會學家、地理學家和考古學家組成,針對各個地區的特性解決當地課題…小心延續繼承各個地區的地域認同。

居民雖然必須為了翻修工程而暫時離開,但翻修與改建相比時間較短,有助於減輕居民的負擔。至於改建如果花費太高、時間太長,居民就不得不移居他處…城市的認同不只是建築與街景,住在那裡的人更是重要的構成要素…

 

也曾漫步在被劃入整頓的阿爾法瑪地區…錯綜複雜的巷弄遍布,是里斯本最古老的居住區,起源可追溯到二世紀。坡地上紅褐色的瓦屋頂與白牆家屋櫛比鱗次,雖然這裡是以美景而聞名的觀光聖地…充滿悠閒的生活氣氛…這個街區的老屋多半成為市營住宅…補助他們翻修以抑制租金顯著上升的政策並存..使今日的里斯本成為一座迷人的城市…近年來里斯本市的方針轉為追求短期成果,因此他也擔心未來的變化…

圖文編輯整理:司馬儀

 

Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

Life can be beautiful without perfection. There’s a strong link between unconditional love and posttraumatic growth. In truth, people only witness unconditional love during hard times. Unconditional love is found in imperfections. Imperfections teach us to be humble and compassionate. If you believe in miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins and the power of tenderness. Earn approval and luck from God. According to the Bible, no one will be exempt from life challenges, including the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9). God expects us to stay hopeful and “rejoice in our sufferings,” for “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we grow. There's a strong connection between unhealed trauma and dysfunctional immune system. If you rush yourself to become a better me, that might be a sign of unhealed trauma. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between the brain and stomach is bidirectional. Negative emotions and chronic stress sabotage people's immune system. 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” Muscle-building helps regulate blood sugar levels. There is growing evidence that high blood sugar leads to reduced muscle mass. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness. People suffer from suppressed anger and pessimism. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. I would say, inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Stop recording the faults of others and practice compassion mediation instead. 我喜歡文字,大概是因為我喜歡永恆的東西,而世上多數的東西都不是。潛意識24小時不睡覺,中醫主張生悶氣、恐懼、悲觀和過食是疾病的根源。 不是所有人都需要心靈雞湯,如果你絕對正向而強壯。自認不是勵志派,是寫實警世的定位,但我肯定有邏輯基礎的正向思考。很多人可能想不到很多老毛病是「肩頸僵硬」引起的,因為肩頸僵硬會「引發自律神經失調」,而自律神經失調會引發一大串的毛病,像是失眠.焦慮.消化不良和低體溫等等!久坐者即便沒有駝背也可能有「坐姿前傾」的問題。健康建議:天芢無糖抹茶+牛奶+ 無糖豆漿+鹼性飲食(可提高基礎體溫,就提高免疫力)+淋巴按摩+ 頭皮耳朵穴道按摩+甩手操或拍打功+低耗氧的運動。糖尿病可逆轉!「提高肌肉量」是控制血糖的的關鍵!國外研究證實阿茲海默症患者「全面禁糖」可望痊癒!如果遭受暴力(家暴)、性侵或性騷擾或任何身心虐待,撥打113保護專線,24小時全年無休。生活、學業、工作等等情緒困擾,撥打安心專線「1925」。佛教主張因果論,而 Bible主張人生必有難題(包括選民),主張磨練都是鍛鍊心智,但好好表現,災難的背後會有禮物(禍福相依,壞消息可能是跳板,好消息處理不當就變成頭痛點)。Bible主張人生只有一回,沒有前世今生。人生有很多上蒼的隨堂考,氣生災,如果你相信成功需要幸運,把「柔」做好,就可以賺福氣。Bible強調自律、謙卑、口舌之禍及傲慢之惡。佛教主張因果論,而 Bible主張人生必有難題(包括選民),主張磨練都是鍛鍊心智,但好好表現,災難的背後會有禮物(禍福相依,壞消息可能是跳板,好消息處理不當就變成頭痛點)。Bible強調自律、謙卑、口舌之禍及傲慢之惡。Bible主張人生只有一回,沒有前世今生。人生有很多上蒼的隨堂考,氣生災,把「柔」做好,就可以賺福氣。寫信給站長: jpsiawase@gmail.com

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