花粉(pollen)蜂膠及蜂王乳的營養價值

花粉(pollen)營養價值高

花粉含水量12~20%,蛋白質20~25%、醣類25~48%(果糖和葡萄糖)、維生素11種、礦物質27種(常量及微量元素)、多種酶類(酵素)、核酸及某些目前尚未探明而有益人體的生物活性物質。蛋白質含20餘種氨基酸,有8種為生命必需的氨基酸,乾燥花粉含有10~13%的氨基酸

花粉壁中含有黏多糖,又稱為糖胺聚醣,為細胞間質的特有成分,除維持細胞環境穩定外,也參與機體生長、骨的生成、創傷癒合、抗炎、抗過敏、抗組織老化、動脈硬化和膠原疾病的產生有關。脂質含量低,含15種植物性不飽和脂肪酸,另含磷脂及前列腺素等,約佔脂類物質的60~91%。

花粉含有約2%的核酸,是生命的遺傳物質。天然核酸可分為核糖核酸(RNA)及去氧核醣核酸(DNA)二種,RNA存在於細胞質與細胞核中,扮演信息傳遞和核蛋白質轉運作用。花粉也含有胡蘿蔔素(carotene)、芸香苷(rutin)及類黃酮(flavonoid)等,具抗氧化及降低膽固醇、抗動脈硬化、抗發炎、抗腫瘤、預防心血管疾病等功能。簡單說,花粉具高蛋白、低脂肪、低鈉。

最吸引人的是,花粉含有維生素E、有豐富維生素B群,包括B1、B2、B6、泛酸、葉酸、菸鹼酸等,含高量鈣、鎂、鐵及維生素C和P含量亦多及少量的維生素D、E及微量的生物素、膽鹼和肌醇等;礦物質依序為鉀、鈣、鎂、鐵、鋅、錳、銅及少量微量元素如硒、鈷、鉬等。

小編司馬儀之前找花粉的品牌找了很久,一度跑去國內的某間養蜂場,結果對方說了很多原因,總是2018就是沒有販售花粉,只有蜂王乳,但我不愛蜂王乳,因為必須冷凍的關係,而我本身不碰生冷的東西,應該是原則上。2018年尾才在檜意森活村的一間老品牌找到西班牙進口的花粉,一瓶售價$480,還算樸實,至少可以無負擔地補充維生素B。

據了解,壓力越大會消耗越多的維生素B。缺B者也容易會有焦慮等等副作用。


蜂花粉 (Bee Pollen) 是蜜蜂採花蜜時帶回蜂巢內發酵 的花粉團(亦含有花蜜),蜂花粉團主要含有醣類和蛋白質,及少量的礦物質和 維生素。

蜂花粉所含的營養成份營養價值高,低熱量、含有多種胺基酸,還含 有維生素,如維生素B, C, D, E, β-胡蘿蔔素;礦物質如鈣、鎂、鉀、磷、硒,核 酸,蛋白酶及黃酮類等。高蛋白低熱量,含有豐富的維生素B 群、礦物質。

花粉的保健效用廣泛:增強人體免疫力,就不容易生病,抗發炎,抗氧化,保護心臟,預防前列腺疾病, 強化消化功能,改善便秘, 調節神經系統,消除疲勞,改善睡眠品質等等。注意:由於蜂花粉和蜂蜜也可能引起少數人過敏; 孕婦,哺乳婦及一歲下幼兒不適用。


整理出中醫師和營養師對蜂膠及蜂王乳的看法:
蜂膠,性味甘平,(溫和)入肝脾經,可幫助修復脾經,提高免疫機能。其中黃酮類的成分,可以抗發炎抗菌抗病毒。潤膚生津消腫止痛,對異位性皮膚炎、口腔炎、胃黏膜發炎修復,甚至帶狀泡疹都有幫助。抑菌效果很好。對心血管的保護很好。營養師建議一歲以下的小朋友不要食用蜂膠。蜂膠是酒萃。

蜂王乳:天然賀爾蒙,適合更年期的婦女。還有活性胺基酸及維生素B群特別多。補補中益氣。對養顏美容有幫助,消除疲勞都有幫助。全方位的營養素。蜂王乳一定要冷凍,為什麼?是乳狀物,冷凍才能保鮮,一天3-5克就夠了。蜂王乳的味道是酸苦辣澀,一般會加蜂蜜調味。營養師建議更年期不適或有睡眠困擾或疲憊或身體有老化現象都很適合。男生也很適合。(因為更年期會影響睡眠品質)

▲蜂膠、蜂王乳、花粉大公開

 

Wise Library 1985

In truth, there’s a strong link between imperfection, unconditional love and post-traumatic growth. If you believe in luck or miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins. According to Bible, a blessed life is not a life without trails, including the righteous and the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9).God expect us to “rejoice in our sufferings,” because “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” in character (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). When your life track differs from your original plan, don’t be scared. It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” for or those who remain righteous, tender and humble in any circumstances (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we learn. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between brain and stomach is bidirectional. Excessive sugar intake sabotages our immune system and 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of Type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), around half diabetic cases experience nerve damage. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” It’s worth noting that muscle plays an incredible role in the regulation of blood sugar levels. There is growing evidence that reduced muscle mass is associated with high blood sugar level. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness. Be aware of the power of tenderness, humility and subconscious mind. Be aware of the cost of negative emotions, such as suppressed anger and sorrow. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Every spoken word will be recorded by God. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale, because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace nor unconditional love. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. Inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Do not ignore negative emotions. Take time to deal with your old mental wounds once and for all. 腸胃健康和大腦健康息息相關!健康建議:無糖抹茶豆漿X鹼性飲食X練肌肉。鈣是解痛劑,多攝取富含鈣的食物或鈣片取代止痛藥。維生素E主修復,可加速傷口癒合,預防留疤。高壓容易緊張族群可多攝取維生素B和鈣的食物。一夜白頭是心理影響身體的鐵證,勿低估負面情緒對身體的傷害,包括生悶氣或憂愁。詳情請參看網站醫療專欄。網站的目標是資料庫,還是一個很新的網站...

您可能也會喜歡…

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步瞭解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料