韓國電影《寄生上流》劇情提要X觀後感

韓國電影《寄生上流》劇情提要

主角一家四口住在半地牢的惡劣狹窄的惡劣環境。爸媽(宋康昊X張惠珍飾)都是無業遊民,長子基佑(崔宇植飾)考取大學數次失敗,女兒失學,全家只靠摺外賣披薩紙盒的散工為過日子。

 

對照組是代表世俗眼中上流社會的朴社長(李善均 飾)一家。劇中男主角在朋友介紹下在富有的朴家擔任家教老師,妹妹當美術治療師,媽媽當管家,爸爸當司機。

我相對無法接受的是以貧困當作犯罪的藉口。沒有$沒有高學歷,他身體健康,可以去打工當工讀生或服務生等等,不買名牌不吃大餐不會讓人痛苦。讓人痛苦的通常是心理上的比較。只要願意做,心裡沒有形象的包袱,社會很多勞力的工作不缺工作機會。

小編司馬儀:社會是變得更好或更壞?相對於數十年前,貧富差距始終都在,制度比過去好,只是變糟的是社會風氣。

 

小編司馬儀:世界上最悲哀的不是貧富差距,而是所有人都深知不該用一個人的口袋深度,去評斷一個人的self-worth(就像學生時代不該用一個學生的成績去評斷一個人的self-worth),但多數人卻無法抹去他們心裡的偏見,慣性無意識有意識這樣對待身邊的人們。世界上最悲哀的不是災難,而是譴責受害者的意識形態(因果論)和荒謬的社會偏見……

 

身體健康的人不一定快樂。但身體健康的人比較容易快樂。經濟富裕的人,不一定善良,但比較容易達成善良而比較容易,不等於必然。社會上,那些有權有勢的人真的善良嗎?誠實嗎?不自私嗎?

 

要測試自己樂觀或悲觀與否很簡單,當災難發生,你會抱怨災難發生在你身上,還謝上帝讓你劫後餘生?

最後,我們都看到太多人為了換取<被當作上流對待的目光>,他們換上假學歷假背景假出身等等 ….我們也可能有機會看到太多所謂經濟無憂的人們夜不能眠而必須與安眠藥共枕,或者長期與慢性病共存….聽說富者的世界裡也有所謂的階級,comparision and competition 伴隨envy and pride…..

很多事的結果有太多因素和成分,同樣的條件,當你遇到不同的人們,就會導致不同的結果….

奉俊昊說:「朴家之所以是好人,因為他們富有啊。」你認同嗎?社會上有權有錢的人,他們都善良嗎?大家的心裡都有答案。現在我做判斷或評論時都會適時提醒自己” I may be wrong.”(我或許是錯的)。


但真正有損人格與尊嚴的…..多數人都將窮人視為低人一等…..雖然受訪者都認為自己已經盡力擺脫貧窮,多數人仍因為生活環境困苦被別人視為一事無成,而感到辜負、對不起自己家庭、職場以及與政府機關往來的經驗和外在環境,都一再加深他們內在的脆弱感。就連兒童也難以逃離這種脆弱的情緒畢竟學校也是一個社會階級分類的場域,學童在無法保證會被接納的環境下受盡羞辱……父母也會因為無法提供小孩豐富的資源而感到羞愧….

 

除了自我厭惡之外,羞愧感也會導致「退縮……絕望、憂鬱,讓人產生自殺念頭,損及自我」…對男子氣概來說也是一種威脅……研究人員也發現在這七個國家中,窮困的人也被整個社會明確地羞辱。報告特別指出在英國,大眾傳播媒體不斷強調貧窮是個人失敗所致…..植人心、令人易其害的社交焦慮….因為大家時時刻刻都在留意自己與他人的社會階級,因此出現為了社會地位而競爭的現象。大家都鄙視社會底層,對其帶有偏見…

 

人們對地位的焦慮造就消費主義我們對象徵身分地位的事物非常敏感,就算再細微也不放過,消費行為就此成為另一種競爭地位的手段…

 

既然社會地位對大家來說這麼重要,我們就更在乎別人如何看待自己、是否被尊重、是否留下良好印象、是否受到推崇而非輕視。既然如此,我們就更執著於外在形象,更容易受到廣告商的洗腦,相信只要花錢消費就能提升自我形象與地位….我們都能斷定貧富差距讓大家更在乎社會地位,更重視他人對自己的看法,對他人的輕視與不尊重也更加戒備。

 

註釋
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[59] Sen, A., ‘Poor, relatively speaking’, Oxford Economic Papers 1983: 153–69.
[60] Walker, R., Kyomuhendo, G. B., Chase, E., et al., ‘Poverty in global perspective: is shame a common denominator?’ Journal of Social Policy 2013; 42 (2): 215–33.
[61] Walker, R., Kyomuhendo, G. B., Chase, E., et al., ‘Poverty in global perspective: is shame a common denominator?’ Journal of Social Policy 2013; 42 (2): 215–33.
[62] Chance, M. R. A., ‘Attention structure as the basis of primate rank orders’, Man 1967; 2 (4): 503–18.
[63] Pannozzo, P. L., Phillips, K. A., Haas, M. E. and Mintz, E. M., ‘Social monitoring reflects dominance relationships in a small captive group of brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)’, Ethology 2007; 113 (9): 881–8.
[64] Kalma, A., ‘Hierarchisation and dominance assessment at first glance’, European Journal of Social Psychology 1991; 21 (2): 165–81.
[65] Kalma, A., ‘Hierarchisation and dominance assessment at first glance’, European Journal of Social Psychology 1991; 21 (2): 165–81.
[66] Brown, P. H., Bulte, E. and Zhang, X., ‘Positional spending and status seeking in rural China’, Journal of Development Economics 2011; 96 (1): 139–49.; Huberman, B. A., Loch, C. H. and Önçüler, A., ‘Status as a valued resource’, Social Psychology Quarterly 2004; 67 (1): 103–14.; Frey, B. S., ‘Knight fever – towards an economics of awards’, CESifo Working Paper No. 1468, IEW Working Paper No. 239, May 2005, https://ssrn.com/abstract=717302.
[67] Runciman, W. G., Relative Deprivation and Social Justice: A Study of Attitudes to Social Inequality in 20th Century England. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1966.
[68] Sapolsky, R. M., A Primate’s Memoir: A Neuroscientist’s Unconventional Life Among The Baboons. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2007.
[69] Wilkinson, R. G. and Pickett, K., The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone. London: Penguin, 2010.; Gilligan, J., Preventing Violence. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

※ 本文摘自《收入不平等:為何他人過得越好,我們越焦慮?》,原篇名〈演化帶來的心理遺產〉作者:理查.威金森|凱特.皮凱特。| 時報出版 | 2019/7/23出版


#「社會排除」(social exclusion)

 

Margaret W. Lavigne

In truth, there’s a strong link between imperfection, unconditional love and post-traumatic growth. If you believe in luck or miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins. According to the Bible, a blessed life is not a life without trails, including the righteous and the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9).God expect us to “rejoice in our sufferings,” because “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). When your life track differs from your original plan, don’t be scared. It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” for those who remain righteous, tender and humble in any circumstances (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we learn. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between brain and stomach is bidirectional. Excessive sugar intake sabotages our immune system and 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), around half diabetic cases experience nerve damage. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” It’s worth noting that muscle-building helps regulate blood sugar levels.There is growing evidence that reduced muscle mass is associated with hyperglycaemia. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness. Be aware of the power of tenderness, humility and subconscious mind. Be aware of the cost of negative emotions, such as suppressed anger and sorrow. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Every spoken word will be recorded by God. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale, because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace nor unconditional love. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. Inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Do not ignore negative emotions. Take time to deal with your old mental wounds once and for all. 腸胃健康和大腦健康息息相關,國外大力探討久坐對身體的傷害!健康建議:天芢無糖抹茶搭配芝麻和牛奶X 鹼性飲食X淋巴按摩X練肌耐力(控制血糖)。鈣是解痛劑。維生素E主修復,可加速傷口癒合。高壓容易緊張族群,可多攝取維生素B和鈣的食物。一夜白頭是心理影響身體的鐵證,勿低估負面情緒對身體的傷害,包括生悶氣或憂愁。詳情請參看網站醫療專欄。支持網站的方式,是幫忙把文章分享出去。壞脾氣和壞情緒會把福氣和天使嚇跑。禍福相依,不屬於自己的只會逗留,不會久留,勿強求。引用小說《推理愛》:「判斷一個人愛不愛她很難,但判斷一個人珍不珍惜她卻很簡單。」「帶著疤,才可以找到真正愛你的人。」創傷之所以存在,往往不是事件本身,而是人們的負面解讀和負面標籤。拔牙與產子都是巨痛,但創傷比例偏低,是因為人們給予事件正面的存在意義,並且相信所有人都能熬過去的意志。正視「柔和」「謙卑」與「歸零」的力量。自信缺氧,就用力學習。不自律就無法成為更好的自己,不自律就無法肯定自己!提醒自己:做該做的而不是想做的。預防改善糖尿病推薦食材:洋蔥、無糖抹茶、咖哩及酪梨。理財時代,從照顧好自己的健康開始。遠離乳癌,醫師呼籲不要使用塑膠袋裝熱食!國外研究證實:阿茲海默症患者「禁糖」便可望痊癒!人們低估了「糖過量」及「過食」對身體的破壞力。咖啡和巧克力的好被過度放大。最佳午睡時間是20分鐘和90分鐘。生命線協談專線:1995 安心專線:1925 張老師專線:1980

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