Crimes Against Humanity:Shame on WHO Director-General Tedros

國際法庭有所謂的「危害人類罪

WHO(世界衛生組織)秘書長Tedros Adhanom(譚德賽)=刻意隱瞞疫情間接殺人,並對台灣惡意潑髒水

聯合國國際法委員會在 2016 年的周年報告將「Crimes Against Humanity」的中文譯名正式譯作「危害人類罪」,經常被簡稱為「反人類罪」。當有組織對平民逼害甚至出現種族滅絕的情況,國際法庭往往擔任著重要的監察與審判角色。More Info: Tedros Adhanom Should Be Put on Trial for Crimes Against Humanity

 

據「羅馬規約」,「危害人類罪」被定義為「在廣泛或有系統地針對任何平民人口進行的攻擊中…… 實施的下列任何一種行為」,當中包括但不限於故意造成重大痛苦,或對人體或身心健康造成嚴重傷害的其他性質相同的不人道行為/謀殺/滅絕/監禁或以其他方式嚴重剝奪人身自由/奴役/驅逐出境或強行遷移人口/酷刑/強奸、性奴役、強迫賣淫、強迫懷孕、強迫絕育或嚴重程度相當的任何其他形式的性暴力/強迫人員失蹤/種族隔離罪/前線干犯反人類罪,上級下屬一同犯罪

 

過去,奴隸制度與殖民主義盛行,反人類罪一詞在當時用以形容在非洲和歐洲殖民地發生的奴隸買賣與其他暴行。其中1885 年比利時國皇利奧波德二世(Leopold II)將剛果自由邦(Congo Free State)劃作私人領域,導致該地一半人口因營養不良或其他理由致死。

 

1998 年,國際刑事法院(ICC)提出「國際刑事法院羅馬規約」(下稱「羅馬規約」),裡面的第七條「危害人類罪(Crimes Against Humanity)」反映了目前國際社會間對此惡行的共識。

 

過去案例

 2016 年,聯合國前南斯拉夫國際刑事法庭(ICTY)就 1995 年發生的「斯雷布雷尼察(Srebrenica)大屠殺」,對前波斯尼亞的塞爾維亞裔領袖卡拉季奇(Radovan Karadzic)判決其犯下種族滅絕、反人類罪等 10 項戰爭罪,判處徒刑 40 年,最後再加判至終身監禁。

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Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

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