The underlying cause of cervicogenic headaches might be structural problems in the neck, neck injuries, neck stiffness, or problems with vertebrae at the top of the spine . Some people develop cervicogenic headaches because they strain their necks while doing their jobs, such as hair stylists and dentists.The pain of cervicogenic headaches may start from the neck and the back of the head. People may confuse cervicogenic headaches with migraines and tension headaches. Cervicogenic headache (CGH) is a chronic headache which arises from the atlanto-occipital and upper cervical joints . The International Headache Society (IHS) has validated cervicogenic headache as a secondary headache type. Headaches may reduce our work capacity.
There is a direct neurologic link between the pain fibers from the upper part of the neck and the trigeminal nerve. The trigeminal nerve is responsible for all sensation of the head and face. The pain signals from the upper part of the neck most commonly occurs above and around the eye. Beyond that, there are branches of the trigeminal nerve that go to the cheek, jaw and chin.
Common symptoms of cervicogenic headaches:
Pain localized in the back of head or temporal region
Pain elicited by sustained postures