中醫怎麼看菊花茶的營養價值?潤喉、養目、解酒….

司馬儀│Dare to Be Different 愛你所愛

 

中醫怎麼看菊花的營養價值?

味甘苦,性微寒,有散風清熱、清肝明目(保護眼睛)和解毒消炎等作用。據了解,常見的菊花有三種,白菊花,黃菊花和野菊花。菊花的好處非常多,白菊口感較甜,杭白菊較平和,可清肝明目。黃菊花,可以解熱,像是喉嚨痛。野菊花,偏苦,可以清熱解毒功能,適用於青春痘。菊花茶清熱去火,對於口乾、火旺、目澀、眼睛疲勞等症狀有療效。可以將菊花跟枸杞沖洗一下中藥袋浸泡沖煮即可。

中醫主張菊花有明目、安腸胃、去白翳、平肝清火的功效。據記載,唐朝便有喝菊花茶的習慣。據說鮮菊花可以直接泡茶。做法是立即泡水,不要放一段時間再泡,可以搭配枸杞,養肝明目的效果更好,可消暑、生津、潤喉、養目、解酒。有些人會將菊花做成甜點,像是花糕、鮮菊花羹、鮮菊花餅。據說菊花也可以泡酒。泡茶用的鮮菊花必須選擇小朵而偏黃的菊花。用菊花茶對上火引起的青春痘有解毒和舒緩的作用。

聽聽西醫的說法:
1、抗病原體作用。菊花在體外對金黃色葡萄球菌、B-溶血栓性鏈球菌、傷寒桿菌有某些抑製作用,其水浸劑對某些常見皮膚致病性真菌亦有抑製作用。
2、增強毛細血管抵抗力。菊花提取物對小鼠腹腔注射,可使皮內註射組織胺之局部台酚藍之擴散較小,顯示其能抑制毛細血管的通透性而有抗炎作用。
3、對金葡菌、大腸桿菌、福氏痢疾桿菌等有較強的抑製作用。
4、對心血管系統的作用特別顯著。有顯著擴張冠狀動脈、增強冠脈流量的作用。本品對冠心病、高血壓和高血脂症等老年性疾病均有較好的治療作用。
5、對中樞神經有鎮靜作用。

飲用(隔夜)菊花茶的禁忌
1、隔夜菊花茶茶裡含有的綠原酸,氧化後呈現綠色,不能飲用。夏季溫度高,茶水易酸敗變味。隔夜菊花茶中維生素C的含量會大大減少,營養價值銳減。隔夜菊花茶,若有加糖或者蜂蜜的,胃寒體虛者喝了容易腹瀉。 
2、營養學認為菊花含有多種營養物質,具有抗菌、抗病毒、抗衰老等作用。菊花泡茶不宜長期連續飲用。體質偏寒的話建議搭配枸杞。
3、菊花微寒,陰虛火熱體質的人請詢問醫生。
4、添患有糖尿病或血糖偏高的人,菊花泡茶建議不加糖。

DIY自製菊花茶:新鮮的菊花可以直接泡水喝嗎?

菊花茶一般經過採摘、陰乾、生曬蒸曬、烘培等工序。司馬儀首次自製菊花茶的作法:菊花栽下後,水洗多次,滾水沖過再用電鍋蒸煮,搭配微量蜂。體虛者建議一小杯就好。

菊花茶 英文:chrysanthemum tea


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Margaret W. Lavigne

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