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美食控注意:一次搞懂西餐menu上常出現的乳酪口味

乳酪可以加熱嗎?
乳酪是可以加熱,但時間不宜過長,恐會讓乳酪的原營養物質流失。乳酪屬於高蛋白營養食品,可用來做比薩餅,乳酪蛋糕,乳酪餅乾等。乳酪又分硬乳酪和軟乳酪,硬乳酪像是cheddar cheese.軟乳酪像是cream cheese和cottage cheese。

 

蜜塔木拉《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書》摘錄

乳酪、起司、起士、奶酪、乾酪,芝士,五花八門的稱呼,但指的都是cheese…遊牧民族將多餘的奶汁利用發酵使之凝固而便於移動時㩦帶與保存… 乳酪是以動物奶汁(多為牛奶)加入凝乳酶或培養菌進行發酵使之凝結,再將固體和乳清分離壓制成品。乳酪因其乳源、製造方法等不同,而有各式各樣的味道、口感和形式,甚至不同的霉菌帶給乳酪不同的風味。奶酪還可以加入香料、香草、調味料、色素等,成為不同風格的乳酪。美味的乳酪,更可謂天然的「元氣大補丸」,它濃縮了牛奶的精華,含有高含量的鈣質、蛋白質、乳酸菌、各種營養素、對於成長發育的兒童或是鈣質缺乏的老年人都是非常優質的食材。More Info: Types of Cheese: Extensive List of Different Cheeses :  The Tastiest and Most Exciting Types of Cheese You Didn’t Know About

 

《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書》摘錄

帕馬森乾酪(Parmesan) 是種超硬質的乾酪,出產於義大利帕爾馬及艾米莉亞地區…它又被稱乳酪之王。香氣濃郁,有種特別的乳腥味,風味鹹度適中,主要是磨成粉狀灑在義大利麵上或一大塊佐義大利香醋食用。或是撒在Pizza上,也是做義大利乳醬和青醬的主要材料。市售的「起司粉」一般所指的就是粉狀的帕馬森乾酪。

《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書》摘錄

卡門貝爾乳酪(Camembert)是一種軟質白霉圓餅型乳酪,以法國諾曼第所出產的(Camembert de Normandie) 最為有名,也是屬於超市百貨裡常見的乳酪之一,通常以小小圓餅狀販售,直接切塊享用,搭配堅果、酒類,或麵包,最美味的吃法就是送入烤箱,烤至如火山溶漿般濃稠,沾著麵包、水果、蔬菜享用。

《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書》摘錄

巧達起司(Cheddar Cheese)原產於英國的Cheddar村,傳統的巧達起司又重又硬,金黃濃郁,帶著微微的鹹味,可說是世界上產量最大的乾酪,也是英美最受歡迎的奶酪類型。它的質地堅硬札實,香濃入味,非常適合做為料理食材。

《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書》摘錄

莫札瑞拉起司(mozzarella)外形圓渾純白如一顆水煮蛋,奶香濃郁、口感滑順醇厚,是義大利料理中常見的乳酪,新鮮莫札瑞拉的製造時成熟期為很短,所以水份含量高,保存期也非常短,冷吃或加熱享用,都各有風味,開胃冷盤中來個蕃茄夾上莫札瑞拉,淋上橄欖油和香料,就是餐桌上的亮點。放在披蕯上烘烤至絲絲入扣,香濃滿溢,食用,更是絕妙美味。

書籍資訊

《豐盛的早午餐烘焙全書:從手作麵包、開胃配菜、沙拉飲品、湯品到醬汁的百變美味組合》,讀書共和國出版

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Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

Life can be beautiful without perfection. There’s a strong link between unconditional love and posttraumatic growth. In truth, people can only witness unconditional love in hard times. If you believe in miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins and the power of tenderness. Earn approval and luck from God. According to the Bible, no one will be exempt from life challenges, including the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9). God expects us to stay hopeful and “rejoice in our sufferings,” because “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we learn. There's a strong connection between unhealed trauma and chronic stress. If you rush yourself to become a better me, that might be a sign of unhealed trauma. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between the brain and stomach is bidirectional. Negative emotions and chronic stress sabotage our immune system and 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” Muscle-building helps regulate blood sugar levels. There is growing evidence that high blood sugar leads to reduced muscle mass. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness. People suffer from suppressed anger and pessimism. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. I would say, inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Stop recording the faults of others and practice compassion mediation instead. 我喜歡文字,大概是因為我喜歡永恆的東西,而世上多數的東西都不是。潛意識24小時不睡覺,中醫主張生悶氣、恐懼、悲觀和過食是疾病的根源。很多人可能想不到很多老毛病是「肩頸僵硬」引起的,因為肩頸僵硬會「引發自律神經失調」,而自律神經失調會引發一大串的毛病,像是失眠.焦慮.消化不良和低體溫等等!久坐者即便沒有駝背也可能有「坐姿前傾」的問題。健康建議:天芢無糖抹茶+牛奶+ 無糖豆漿+鹼性飲食(可提高基礎體溫,就提高免疫力)+淋巴按摩+ 頭皮耳朵穴道按摩+甩手操或拍打功+低耗氧的運動。糖尿病可逆轉!「提高肌肉量」是控制血糖的的關鍵!國外研究證實阿茲海默症患者「全面禁糖」可望痊癒!如果遭受暴力(家暴)、性侵或性騷擾或任何身心虐待,撥打113保護專線,24小時全年無休。生活、學業、工作等等情緒困擾,撥打安心專線「1925」。佛教主張因果論,而 Bible主張人生必有難題(包括選民),主張磨練都是鍛鍊心智,但好好表現,災難的背後會有禮物(禍福相依,壞消息可能是跳板,好消息處理不當就變成頭痛點)。Bible主張人生只有一回,沒有前世今生。人生有很多上蒼的隨堂考,氣生災,如果你相信成功需要幸運,把「柔」做好,就可以賺福氣。Bible強調自律、謙卑、口舌之禍及傲慢之惡。佛教主張因果論,而 Bible主張人生必有難題(包括選民),主張磨練都是鍛鍊心智,但好好表現,災難的背後會有禮物(禍福相依,壞消息可能是跳板,好消息處理不當就變成頭痛點)。Bible強調自律、謙卑、口舌之禍及傲慢之惡。Bible主張人生只有一回,沒有前世今生。人生有很多上蒼的隨堂考,氣生災,把「柔」做好,就可以賺福氣。寫信給站長: jpsiawase@gmail.com

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