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美國總統川普成功經商形象深植人心,但前後破產四次….

撰稿人: Margaret W. Lavigne(司馬儀)

美國第45任總統川普成功經商形象深植人心,但他並非白手起家,經商過程中曾經破產四次。川普的爺爺在淘金熱的年代在加拿大金礦場附近開餐廳。接著,川普的父親佛瑞德(Fred Trump)繼承遺產後在紐約興建許多獨棟住宅,更在紐約布魯克林和皇后區興建大量的房屋!川普本人透露過父親是紐約郊區最大的房東之一,離世時身價約3億美元。

川普運用父親累積的人脈和信用做生意,算是走上捷徑的成功之路。1970年他向父親借了100萬投資房地產。起初,他和Hyatt Hotel飯店買下紐約中央車站附近舊飯店,同時和市政府及周邊屋主協調成功,用重新翻修周邊土地的方式讓飯店價值飆升,再高價轉手出售。擔任實境節目「誰是接班人」(The Apprentice)的主持人和執行製作,也讓他入賬不斐。

川普前後破產四次

1988年,他投資大西洋城賭場,一年便負債9億美元,公司在2004年一度負債逾14億、2009年四度宣告破產時變賣遊艇和私人飛機,據說他的父親當時想辦法幫他還債。川普前後曾經投資航空、雜誌、牛排館等都失敗而歸。

 

補充:Trump University因故遭當局勒令改名,後又捲入詐騙糾紛!他自己宣稱擁有100億的財產,但富比世雜誌則統計其的身價是45億,致富只要是靠不動產投資。


美國水門案調查記者Bob Woodward新書《恐懼:川普在白宮》爆料川普政府,一舉成為暢銷書……

 

美國水門案調查記者鮑勃·伍德沃德(Bob Woodward)說過一句很有意思的話「當你看到一個總統如何做政治或政策決定,你就會懂他的為人(原文:When you see how the President makes political or policy decisions, you see who he is.)

 

Bob Woodward爆料川普政府亂象的新出版的書籍《Fear:Trump in the White House》(恐懼:川普在白宮,暫譯)披露不少白宮內幕,內容除了詳述幕僚偷文件不讓川普簽署等荒腔走板情節,更著墨川普對對外交與國安議題卻很無知。

 

書中數度點出川普輕忽國家安全,除了無知,追根究柢就在於他衡量一切事物的價值觀是以「錢」為基準。此書開賣前已榮登亞馬遜(Amazon)暢銷書排行榜第一名。

 

Bob woodward對此下了一個定論「總統的本質就是做決定」(原文:the essence of the Presidency is decision-making. 同場加印:台北市第一市場改建案哪裡有異狀|「北農總經理」吳音寧的背景,為什麼被朱學恆拿來與連勝文相比?

▲Bob Woodward在《Obama’s Wars》這本書裡引述歐巴馬說過的台詞:「美國人都是理想主義者,但他們又同時要他們的領導者務實」(原文:‘The American people are idealists, but they also want their leaders to be realistic..)

美國總統川普質疑美國保護台灣究竟有何好處?川普視美國協防他國是當冤大頭…..

川普質疑美國斥巨資在朝鮮半島大規模駐軍有何好處,又追問,「比方說保護台灣,我們究竟能得到什麼?」書中指出,川把美國花大錢協防其他國家,諸如台灣、南韓等,當成美國的「全球性通病」。面對川普不斷貶低軍事與情資的價值,馬提斯顯然已感厭煩。他回應:「我們這麼做,是為了避免第三次世界大戰。」

 

川普顯然認為美國的作法 遭其他國家佔便宜,「我想假使我們不是這麼笨,我們應該可以非常有錢。」事後,馬提斯向同僚抱怨川普的行徑與理解力,跟「小五、小六生」沒兩樣。

 

川普考慮向中國施加關稅時,白宮首席經濟顧問格里·柯恩(Gary Cohn曾極力勸阻,稱美國96.6%的抗生素都由中國進口,川普卻認為只要跟其他國家買就好。柯恩警告,發動貿易戰是「捨本逐末」,且倘若中國決定不賣抗生素,就足以摧毀美國。

 

針對美國國務院日前召回中美洲3國使節,以了解其派駐國與台灣斷交一事,國務院前天重申支持台灣,但表示無意改變美國與兩岸的關係,稱美台保持非官方關係「對我們有用,並不代表適用於其他政府」。

相關字:海外軍費。貿易赤字。。美國務院重申挺台。

▲Bob Woodward’s interview 

Bob Woodward|Inspirational quotes|Famous sayings

1.“If information is true, if it can be verified, and if it’s really important, the newspaper needs to be willing to take the risk associated with using unidentified sources.” -Bob Woodward

 

Response: A journalist is expected to dig the facts and evidence as much as possible. It triggers hostility and attacks for sure, especially from the criminals or the wicked politicians. 

 

2. “Deep throat’s information and in my view, courage, allowed the newspaper to use what he knew and suspected.”

Response: Everyone is given the rights to question and to doubt, but nobody is given the rights to create rumors. The issue hinges on the differentiation of news and rumors. How to tell the person’s intention from the words?

 

3.“The essence of the Presidency is decision-making.” -Bob Woodward

Response: Any big decision-making in life unearths the life value of a person.

 

4.“Getting up in the morning and having work you love is what makes life different for people. If you get into a position where you don’t love what you’re doing, get off it.” -Bob Woodward

 

5.“Sometimes, doing nothing is the best reaction.”

Response: It depends. Silence is good if there’s nothing you could share. Honesty is the best defense, I would say. Never tell lies in public. You can never earn people’s trust again.

 

6.“I have found people don’t want to be told.  “-Bob Woodward

Response: It’s a commonplace thing that people want to enlighten others rather than being enlightened. People who are essentially haughty and prideful can’t take advice from others. They only accept compliments. 

 

7. “There are people who take rumors and embellish them in a way that can be devastating. And this pollution has to be eradicated by people in our business as best we can.” -Bob Woodward

Response: Indisputably, rumors are worldwide detrimental pollution which can be found anywhere around the world.

 

Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

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