大叔多吃5 種食物可以預防攝護腺肥大

五類男性預防抗攝護腺病變或攝護腺肥大的食物

一、纖維類食物,蔬果、全榖類食物(如糙米飯、蕃薯、燕麥、山藥等)。

二、含食物,包括南瓜子(特別是萃取出的南瓜子油)牡蠣、海鮮、蛋、肉類、全穀類、堅果類。

三、含茄紅素食物:蕃茄及蕃茄製品、紅色西瓜、葡萄柚、木瓜、紅柿、葡萄、櫻桃、紅甜椒、芭樂等。

四、含硒食物,包括啤酒酵母粉、大蒜、洋蔥、鮪魚、綠花椰菜、小麥胚芽、芝麻、海藻、香菇等。

五、含異黃酮和黃酮類食物:黃豆、黃豆製品及豆漿,可抑制男性荷爾蒙對攝護腺細胞的刺激。

 

攝護腺肥大和攝護腺癌的差別

賴俊佑醫生指出,攝護腺癌是沉默的殺手,不一定會造成解尿的不舒服,所以發現的時間點都很晚。攝護腺癌的診斷,主要是抽血和肛門指診。抽血檢測攝護腺特異抗原(PSA),建議50歲以上男性一到兩年要抽血追蹤一次,有家族史者建議45歲開始檢查;肛門指診則由專業的醫師經由肛門觸摸攝護腺,若有硬塊,也建議進一步檢查。


攝護腺肥大,會讓尿道變狹窄,產生排尿相關的症狀,例如排尿中斷或尿速慢、頻尿、排尿的水量較細、解尿過程斷斷續續、頻尿、夜尿2次以上、急尿憋不住等等狀況。 如果攝護腺(前列腺)往上壓迫膀胱,就會產生儲尿症狀,例如頻尿、急尿、夜尿,或者急性尿失禁,可能會導致泌尿道的感染。

攝護腺肥大原因 ?
據了解,攝護腺肥大,可能引起暫時性的性慾亢進,55歲以上的男性幾乎都有程度不同的攝護腺肥大,在攝護腺肥大開始階段,性慾可能增強,這是由於前列腺組織增生,使前列腺功能紊亂,反饋性引起睾丸功能一時性增強所致。

有一種說法是:性生活會加重攝護腺肥大,邏輯是性生活會使前列腺長時間處於充血狀態。查到的說法是:禁慾不利於前列腺病康復,

一個性發育正常的男性,由於種種原因未能排出精液,但生殖系統仍會有相關腺體的分泌增多、血管擴張充血等生理變化,因此,前列腺產生的內分泌增多和同部充血得不到宣洩,長久以往可能促進攝護腺肥大。

老年性攝護腺肥大,醫生的建議是要:
1、攝護腺肥大不嚴重、無排尿不暢等症狀,身體條件好,可以過性生活,六十歲以上以每月一次為宜。

2、攝護腺肥大嚴重,有排尿困難或房事後發生尿港留,吃藥難以控制,則不宜行房事。

3、在應用雌激素藥物治療攝護腺肥大期間,千萬不可行房,以免誘發陽痿。

攝護腺(英語:prostate)

Wise Library 1985

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