英文經典名言勵志佳句+留學生必知的英文字彙 +英文閱讀導讀

隨意翻開一外語小說書某一頁,都可以學習外國人native speaker 如何寫作,如何描述場景

 

Q: 摘錄文章段落意義和目的為何? 

它可能是你自己本身比較喜歡的句子筆法比較具有美感或比較具有學習意義的句子,或想法對你來說有共鳴有啟發性的句子。以此書來說, 它以簡易的字彙帶出文字的生動性,描述手法就是一般國內學生可以學習參考的。

 

我以自己筆記摘錄的寫法為例: 

 

 [H]is eyes seraching for a place at some table beyond her. She was perhaps three meters away from him…

Then a voice behind him called…It was no use. He turned around…It was too noticeable…But she must have seen him coming toward her ,and perhaps she would take the hint... The person immediately ahead of him 

in the queue was a small, swiftly moving, bettle-like man with a flat face.…As Winson turned away from the counter with his tray, he saw that little man was making straight for the girls table. His hopes sank again….Five seconds later, with a thundering heart, 

Winston was sitting at this girls table…He unpacked his tray…It was all-important to speak at once, before anyone else came (99, 100).

 

 

字彙補充: 

 

bettle 甲蟲

 

queue [kju]:人或車輛的隊伍. 行列

 

 

Theres another room upstairs that you migth care to take a look at…Theres no much in it. Just a few pieces. Well do with a light if were going upstairs. He lit another lamp and….[I]n the warm dim light the place looked curiously inviting. The thought flitted through Winstons mind…[I]f he dare to take the risk. It was a wild, impossible notion, to be abandoned as soon as thought of; but 

the room had awakened in him a sort of nostalgia; a sort of ancestral memory (85).

 

 

flitted through: 腦袋中掠過的想法

 

He might be alone in holding that belief…But the thought of being a lunatic did not greatly troubled him; the horror was that he might also be wrong. The hyponotic eye gazed into his own. It was as though some 

huge force were pressing upon you-something that penetrated inside your skull, battering against your brain, frightening you out of your beliefs, persuading you, almost, to deny the evidence of your senses…The hersy of hersies was common sense. And what was terrifying was that they would kill you for thinking otherwise, but that they might be right…And yet he was right!…and the true had got to be defended (71). 

 

 

lunatic  [ˋlunə͵tɪk] 行為瘋狂分子或傻蛋;the lunatic fringe【貶】極端分子

 

hyponotic[hɪpˋnɑtɪk] 讓你昏昏欲睡/安眠藥 

 

batter v. (連續猛擊撞擊)搗毀,砸爛,搗毀,打碎, 磨損

 

heresy [ˋhɛrəsɪ]  異教;異端邪說

 

I never shirk anything…I thought Id take a chance. A thing that astonished him about her was the coarseness of her language. 

 

clearing: 清除 ;空地;(銀行)票據交換;清算; 票據交換總額

 

 

They should want to rob you of your pleasure…she made no general criticism of it…People who had grown up in the world of Revolution, knowing nothing else, accepting the Party as something unalterable, like the 

sky, not rebelling against its authority but simply evading it, as a rabbit dodges a dog…It was hopeless even 

as a daydream…He felt no difficulty in talking about such thingsKatherline, in any case, had long ceased to be a painful memory and become merely a distasteful one...I dare so it works in a lot of casesBut of 

course you can never tell; people are such hypocrites. (116-7). 

 

dodge v. 躲閃(巧妙迴避) ; 推託之詞

 

hypocrites: 偽善者;偽君子

 

 

He could not help murmuring…I never seemed to feel the need of it , somehow….The old man, still carrying the lamp, was standing in front of a picture in a rosewood frame which hung on the other side of the fireplace, opposite of the bed. Now, if you happend to be interested in old prints at all….Winston cam across to examine the picture. It was a steel engraving of an oval building with rectangular windows, and a small tower in 

front. There was a railing running round the building, and at the rear end there was what appeared to be a

statue. Winston gazed at it for some moments….It is a ruin now (86).

 

 

 

 

 

Notes from Underground Quotes

 

Author:  Fyodor Dostoyevsky

 

中文譯作地下室手記

 

俄國作家費奧多爾·米哈伊洛維奇·陀思妥耶夫斯基創作小說 

 

《地下室手記》 1864年作者發表的一本小說。

 

類型:哲學中篇小說 

 

第一本小說《窮人》在1846年出版

#重要作品:

  • 《罪與罰》 Crime and Punishment
  • 《白痴》
  • 《卡拉馬助夫兄弟

出生: 1821 年 11 月 11 日俄羅斯莫斯科出生,  1881 年逝世

 

子女: 阿里克謝·杜斯妥也夫斯基, 費奧多爾·杜斯妥也夫斯基

 

兄弟姊妹: 米蓋爾·杜斯妥也夫斯基, 安德里·杜斯妥也夫斯基, 尼古萊·杜斯妥也夫斯基

 

 

 

Notes from Underground Quotes (哲學性的思考名句-金句)

 

依照喜歡的順序排列

 

1“Man only likes to count his troubles; he doesn’t calculate his happiness.” 

 

2“To love is to suffer and there can be no love otherwise.” 

 

“I swear to you gentlemen, that to be overly conscious is a sickness, a real, thorough sickness.” 

 

3“I am alone, I thought, and they are everybody.” 

 

4“Yet, I didn’t understand that she was intentionally disguising her feelings with sarcasm; that was usually the last resort of people who are timid and chaste of heart, whose souls have been coarsely and impudently invaded; and who, until the last moment, refuse to yield out of pride and are afraid to express their own feelings to you.” 

 

5“Talking nonsense is the sole privilege mankind possesses over the other organisms. It’s by talking nonsense that one gets to the truth! I talk nonsense, therefore I’m human” 

 

6“Of course my jokes are in poor taste, inappropriate, and confused; they reveal my lack of security. But that is because I have no respect for myself.” 

 

7“For a woman, all resurrection, all salvation, from whatever perdition, lies in love; in fact, it is her only way to it.” 

#其他網路討論度高的句子: 
“I say let the world go to hell, but I should always have my tea.” 
tags: hell, individualism, irony, selfishness,loneliness 
“I could not become anything; neither good nor bad; neither a scoundrel nor an honest man; neither a hero nor an insect. And now I am eking out my days in my corner, taunting myself with the bitter and entirely useless consolation that an intelligent man cannot seriously become anything, that only a fool can become something.” 
“I am a sick man… I am a spiteful man. I am an unpleasant man. I think my liver is diseased. However, I don’t know beans about my disease, and I am not sure what is bothering me. I don’t treat it and never have, though I respect medicine and doctors. Besides, I am extremely superstitious, let’s say sufficiently so to respect medicine. (I am educated enough not to be superstitious, but I am.) No, I refuse to treat it out of spite. You probably will not understand that. Well, but I understand it. Of course I can’t explain to you just whom I am annoying in this case by my spite. I am perfectly well aware that I cannot “get even” with the doctors by not consulting them. I know better than anyone that I thereby injure only myself and no one else. But still, if I don’t treat it, its is out of spite. My liver is bad, well then– let it get even worse!” 
philosophy
“Perhaps I really regard myself as an intelligent man only because throughout my entire life I’ve never been able to start or finish anything.” 
“I love, I can only love the one I’ve left behind, stained with my blood when, ungrateful wretch that I am, I extinguished myself and shot myself through the heart. But never, never have I ceased to love that one, and even on the night I parted from him I loved him perhaps more poignantly than ever. We can truly love only with suffering and through suffering! We know not how to love otherwise. We know no other love. I want suffering in order to love. I want and thirst this very minute to kiss , with tears streaming down my cheeks, this one and only I have left behind. I don’t want and won’t accept any other.” 
“The pleasure of despair. But then, it is in despair that we find the most acute pleasure, especially when we are aware of the hopelessness of the situation…everything is a mess in which it is impossible to tell what’s what, but that despite this impossibility and deception it still hurts you, and the less you can understand, the more it hurts.” 
“I used to imagine adventures for myself, I invented a life, so that I could at least exist somehow.” 
“What makes a hero? Courage, strength, morality, withstanding adversity? Are these the traits that truly show and create a hero? Is the light truly the source of darkness or vice versa? Is the soul a source of hope or despair? Who are these so called heroes and where do they come from? Are their origins in obscurity or in plain sight?” 

 

“I believe the best definition of man is the ungrateful biped.” 
“The more conscious I was of goodness and of all that was ‘sublime and beautiful,’the more deeply I sank into my mire and the more ready I was to sink in it altogether.” 

 

“But man is a fickle and disreputable creature and perhaps, like a chess-player, is interested in the process of attaining his goal rather than the goal itself.” 
tags: 19th-century, fiction, russian, russian-literature“To care only for well-being seems to me positively ill-bred. Whether it’s good or bad, it is sometimes very pleasant, too, to smash things.” 

“Can a man of perception respect himself at all?” 
“Leave us alone without books and we shall be lost and in confusion at once. We shall not know what to join on to, what to cling to, what to love and what to hate, what to respect and what to despise. We are oppressed at being men — men with a real individual body and blood, we are ashamed of it, we think it a disgrace and try to contrive to be some sort of impossible generalised man. We are stillborn, and for generations past have been begotten, not by living fathers, and that suits us better and better. We are developing a taste for it. Soon we shall contrive to be born somehow from an idea. But enough; I don’t want to write more from “Underground.”

“Nature doesn’t ask your permission; it doesn’t care about your wishes, or whether you like its laws or not. You’re obliged to accept it as it is, and consequently all its results as well.” 
“What is to be done with the millions of facts that bear witness that men, consciously, that is fully understanding their real interests, have left them in the background and have rushed headlong on another path, to meet peril and danger, compelled to this course by nobody and by nothing, but, as it were, simply disliking the beaten track, and have obstinately, wilfully, struck out another difficult, absurd way, seeking it almost in the darkness. So, I suppose, this obstinacy and perversity were pleasanter to them than any advantage…

tag: skills, smaple, topic, practice, format, exercise, English-learning, theme: life-and-living, mankind ,conscious, disease, fyodor-dostoyevsky, illness, intellect,love, salvation, women,  notas, notes, subsuelo,

司馬 儀

希望可以建立一個「一輩子所需的資料庫和知識庫」。周末照常發稿。十月份會花更多時間寫英文稿。所以發文頻率不一定。如果有希望了解的題材化或議題,歡迎留言或提問。本身屬於害怕無聊的生物,喜歡獨處,一旦喜歡任何事物,就會非常專注,喜歡剪貼報章雜誌蒐集美好。走過【澳洲打工度假】的道路,兩三年間有過十多次飛行紀錄。一度是一個很愛發表「異」見的新人撰稿人。小時候是離不開收音機的小孩,不愛偵探片。愛讀報愛剪貼,就愛戴上偵探的瞳孔探追根究。怕黑,排斥恐怖片。購物,是批發控,高度執著CP值。喜歡透過相機留下記憶點。近年才慢慢關注時事議題,2017年熱愛花圃種植,2018看過印象最深刻的是動漫【リライフ】、韓劇【迷霧】、大陸劇【北京青年】、大陸劇【新結婚時代】。個人部落格搬家至【字媒體】前累積逾六百萬的瀏覽量,2015發表的單篇熱門文章兩時間累積約一百六十萬的點閱率。遠期的心願是撥空寫完英文小說。如果你剛好喜歡我的網站或文章,希望留言告訴我你的想法,或分享文章網址給身旁的友達。擁有過很多筆名「野澤碧」等等。首本療癒系小說處女作《推理愛》由黃宥嘉醫生掛名推薦寫序。過去文章以本名或筆名陸續刊登於各平台,包括「自由時報」「東森新聞官網」「TVBS官網」「蘋果日報官網」「姊妹淘」。2017年在TVBS專欄發表過的所有文章都收錄在個人網站https://beeigood.com。TVBS專欄有人氣點閱榜第一名的紀錄,撰稿文亦榮登TVBS專欄話題熱播榜及編輯推薦的排行榜,自由時報和蘋果日報的上稿文也都名列人氣或點閱排行榜。因為上一個筆名六字個太長,新筆名是司馬儀。擁有太多筆名,是很愚蠢。我知道。但我樂意。禍福相依,危機就是轉機,每一個警訊都可以是一個提醒或一個忠告。2018的人生準則參柯文哲市長的名言「心存善念,盡力而為」。共勉之。

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