提升英文寫作,閱讀技巧教學:你需要正確的方法才能事倍功半…

學習盲點:花太多時間背文法,閱讀量太少或熟悉句型太少

 

英文寫作這件事是許多台灣學生的弱點,是因為花太多時間背文法,閱讀量太少的關係。台灣教育方法有很大的問題,讓很多台灣的孩子不論多認真卻總是學不好英文 

 

學英文就像小朋友學說話,初步學習靠的是仿效 (學大人說話), 最後才會慢慢創造出屬於自己的句子台灣的教育太重視文法和考試,讓語文成為硬梆梆的背科當然學語文一定不能免的基本功:一定要下苦功但用對方法就可以事半功倍。英文好的話也就能將更多時間分給其他科目了!

 

 

透過閱讀小說或一般外語書籍或文章,學習外國人的寫作邏輯

 

選擇自己有興趣的題材,建議選擇比自己的程度稍微高一點點難度的教材

不要一次挑難度太高的挑戰,慢慢累積成就感和自信心,一步一步慢慢往上走才能走的順。如喜歡旅遊的人可以挑選travel articles,平日喜歡兩性文章的人可以搜尋  love relationship 的英文文章, 關心時事(topical issue)的人可以選擇CNN, BBC, Times 等等,當中格外推薦Ted Talk,因為這個頻道讓你學習英語的同時也讓你的視野與世界接軌當然多看HBO等電影頻道或是美劇英劇(British drama series)或旅遊頻道(travel channel)都很有幫助,建議從自己喜歡的節目和文章題材開始著手,先累積興趣和成就感

 

邊寫邊記是關鍵:不斷更新舊筆記

基本功是單字和常用句型,建議手抄,邊寫邊記是關鍵。不斷更新舊筆記是我自己記單字和片語的方式。記單字和片語就跟九九乘法一樣,每個人記憶力不同,但多看幾次多寫幾次,基本上重複背過七次的單字片語,應該可以讓你記住一輩子。至於單字到底要不要分類?如果能提升自己樂趣的筆記就是好筆記至於文法雖然也需要花時間(但不要花太多時間琢磨)

 

看多了語感自然會越來越好!如果你要參加大學考試(那就勉強自己一下吧,人生都有一些需要忍耐的階段)就像幼時孩童時期面對拔牙齒那樣,既然逃不掉肯定只能勇敢積極面對了!

 

 

語言學習關鍵: 看完一本書的你,是否有勤作筆記?我們都不該高估自己的記憶力。

學習新的語言:沒有誰比較聰明,而是誰比較有耐心而以


小編司馬儀以一本相對口語的英語書來做英語學習教學分享

   

 Secrets About Life Every Woman Should Know: Ten Principles for Total Emotional and Spiritual Fulfillment   by Barbara De Angelis

這本書在國外算是有知名度的一本書,單字量相對少,屬於觀念宣導心靈雞湯系列的書籍。 

Goodreads網站專門分享書籍小說和電影的箴言。小編司馬儀覺得既然花錢買了一本書也花時間看完一本書,不能空手而回,一定要留下痕跡或收穫!

 

以這本書佳句摘要為例:

1“Living with integrity means: Not settling for less than what you know you deserve in your relationships. Asking for what you want and need from others. Speaking your truth, even though it might create conflict or tension. Behaving in ways that are in harmony with your personal values. Making choices based on what you believe, and not what others believe.” 

 

 

通常閱讀段落的時候, 建議一頁畫線最好不要有超過五條底線。那麼,如果一整面都是新的片語呢?那你就把文章看熟,片語看熟,熟到最後只剩下五個很難記熟的再畫線就好了。那麼你的腦袋中就會覺得: 我只剩下五個不太熟,學習的心理負擔也會小很多。

 

2“The more connections you and your lover make, not just between your bodies, but between your minds, your hearts, and your souls, the more you will strengthen the fabric of your relationship, and the more real moments you will experience together.” 

以藍色字體這一句為例,句子當中沒有任何艱難的單字,透過簡單的動詞和單字一樣可以寫出漂亮的句子,初學者建議可以把許多這一類寫作可能會用到的句子手抄下來或背下來,加強自己語言的美感!

tags: connection, love 

3.“You never lose by lovingyou lose by holding back.” 

 

4“Love and kindness are never wasted. They always make a difference. They bless the one who receives them, and they bless you, the giver.” 

 

5.“ Love is a choice you make from moment to moment.” 

 

6.“The journey in between what you once were and who you are now becoming is where the dance of life takes place.” 

 

7.“I believe tears are holy, because they show us that the ice of our heart is melting.” 

 

8“If you aren’t good at loving yourself, you will have a difficult time loving anyone, since you’ll resent the time and energy you give another person that you aren’t even giving to yourself.” 

 

9.“No one is in control of your happiness but you; therefore, you have the power to change anything about yourself or your life that you want to change” 

 

10.“Women need real moments of solitude and self-reflection to balance out how much of ourselves we give away.” 

11.“The obstacles in our path are not blocking us-they are redirecting us. Their purpose is not to interfere with our happiness. It is to point us toward new routes to our happiness, new possibilities, new doorways.” 

12.“When you make a commitment to a relationship, you invest your attention and energy in it .

 

結論:透過這些愛與生命哲學意涵的美好句子能讓人產生共鳴的句子,自然能幫助記憶和學習

 



想不想用英文寫出母親節父親節的卡片給爸媽呢?市面上學校的教科出很少清楚示範[感謝信]的筆法,其實,幾乎每一本英文書的作者都會在章節開始前的自序致上對各方的感謝。

 

以這本書為例:筆記示範 (佳句摘要)畫線處可自行替換

1 I would like to express my love and gratitude to + 對象.   

2 I am so grateful for your patience, your encouragement, and your gentle support as I went through (…) challenging process of giving birth to this book. 

3 You nurture me, encourage me, keep my life running (…)Thank you for your unconditional love. 

4 You have a beautiful spirit. 

5 I love you for (…)drying my tears, cheering my breakthrough (…) Your friendship has been a harbor of comfort, healing, and strength of me, and I am so grateful for your loyalty, your companionship and your love.

6. Thank you for taking care of me, for sharing your deepest hearts with me and for treating me like a goodess

7. Thank you for always reminding me of what I deserve, and loving me no matter what I am going through. 

 

 ※比起直接記住原句,鼓勵將原本的句子更改為與自己想法接近的句子

Thank you for guiding me with patience and compassion.  

Thank you for knowing who I am and accepting who I am.

No words are adequate to thank you for what you have done for me over the years. 

I never waver from my own true goal because of you. 

And to you whom I was born to loveI will keep loving you as I always be. 

 

這本書談論的是:How to secure true inner peace and strength inside yourself?

議題(題材): self-reliance, freedom, sense of existence, spiritual guide, create loving relationship

 

 QUOTE
“We make hundreds of decisions every day(…)based on what we think will make us happier(…)Most of the decisions are an attempt to master, or at at least cope with, the outer world. This is where we put out our energies-trying to get what we want and keep everything under control.In spirt of our best efforts, in spite of how hard we try to get things to turn out the way we want it to be(…)our hopes and dreams keep bumping into reality.We have a picture of how we always thought our lives should be, but if we really honest with ourselves(…)This is the battle you face each day(…).You have your picture of how things should be, how your relationship should be(…)you feel something is going wrong (…)staring at the pieces of our ego scattered all over the ground.(xv,xvii,xviii,xxvi) 

論點一: 你可以發現即使只節錄一部分的文字,依舊可以清楚明白作者想要表達的看法!這也許是為什麼許多教學者鼓勵不要第一次閱讀時不要查單字,先流暢的看一遍全文

 


商用英語:職場英語-商務英語推薦書: 

 getImage  

內容簡介與目錄 網址

 


語言學習網站推薦

 

13  

  1.  The Times | UK News, World News and Opinion
  2. CNN.com: Breaking News, US, World, Weather 
  3. BBC 
  4. Travel Channel – Travel Shows, Inspiration, and Expert Advice

 


《看電影學英文》Amélie (2001)《艾蜜莉的異想世界》:法國浪漫愛情喜劇電影

04

奧黛莉·朵杜主演。
導演:尚-皮爾·桑里。
主題曲: La Valse d’Amelie (Theme From Amelie)

1.I like to look for things no one else catches.★★★★
2. Beggar: Sorry madam, I don’t work on Sundays. 
3.We pass the time of day to forget how time passes. ~ Hipolito (The Writer)
4. At least you’ll never be a vegetable – even artichokes have hearts.~ Amélie Poulain
artichoke [ˈɑrtiˌtʃoʊk]n.【植】朝鲜蓟;洋蓟;雅芝竹

5. Without you, today’s emotions would be the scurf of yesterday’s.~ Hipolito, The Writer
scurf [skɜːf] 頭皮;皮屑;頭垢

6. Narrator: Amelie has a strange feeling of absolute harmony. It’s a perfect moment. A soft light, a scent in the air, the quiet murmur of the city. A surge of love, an urge to help mankind overcomes her.★

7.  Amélie still seeks solitude. She amuses herself with silly questions about the world below, such as  “How many people are having an orgasm right now?”
8. A woman without love wilts like a flower without sun.
wilt:枯萎

9. So, my little Amélie, you don’t have bones of glass. You can take life’s knocks. If you let this chance pass, eventually, your heart will become as dry and brittle as my skeleton. So, go get him, for Pete’s sake!~ Raymond Dufayel aka Glass Man
brittle [‘brɪt(ə)l]adj.硬但易碎;脆;脆弱的;尖利;易損壞的v.变脆

02
10. I had two heart attacks, an abortion did crack… While I was pregnant. Other than that, I’m fine. ~ Amélie

11 Life’s funny. To a kid, time always drags. Suddenly you’re fifty. ~ Bretodeau, The Box Man

12. Failed writer, failed life… I love the word “fail.” Failure is human destiny....Failure teaches us that life is but a draft, a long rehearsal for a show that will never play.

  03  
其他劇中出現過的字彙
window pane=windowpane n.窗户的玻璃; 窗玻璃;窗口窗格;窗型格
drag n.拖累;累赘;令人厭煩的人或乏味無聊的事 v.拖拉;缓慢而费力地移动或行進;勉強某人來或去


Film: The Fault in Our Stars 《生命中的美好缺憾》生活英語

05

1.I don’t wanna ask you for any favors, but if you have the time – and from what I saw you had plenty.★
2. Please fix this for me.
3. That actually worked?.... Yep.
4. That was the stupidest speech I’ve ever... 
5.Do you think that is cool? Or something?
6.You just ruined the whole thing.
Hazel Grace Lancaster: Even thou you have freaking cancer, you are willing to give money to corporation for a chance to acquire even more cancer? Let me just assure you that not being able to breathe?
7. SUCKS. Totally disappointing. Totally.
8. What’s your story?
9. I am quite unextraordinary.
10. I reject that.

11.You see, we may not look like much, but between the three of us we have five legs, four eyes and two and a half pairs of working lungs, but we also have two dozen eggs, so if I were you, I would go back inside.

12. She’s done a great injustice, so we’ve come here seeking revenge.

 


男女生了沒 The Ugly Truth (2009)罐頭都會愛情劇

主演:傑拉德巴特勒、凱薩琳海格

經典台詞:在自己的問題裡,沒有人看得清楚答案。

10

 1. I hadn’t really been picturing you that way, but it’s a nice image. ~ Mike Chadway★★
2. I want to thank you for getting me this gig, I would never have gotten it without you. ~ Mike Chadway
gig: 1. a job, usually in the entertainment industry.

3. The gun is my signature move.~ Jack Magnum

4. That sounded almost enlightened.

5. Well let me assure you, you’re in good hands. 

劇中其他出現的常用字彙
imbecile [‘ɪmbə.saɪl] adj.n. 低能;弱智者
inbred[‘ɪn.bred] v. adj.先天的;近親繁殖
pussy[ˈpʊsi] n.〈非正式〉猫咪;〈侮辱〉陰道;〈歧視用語〉娘娘腔

effing [‘efɪŋ] v.adj.髒話 該死的 與(fucking意思雷同)

mortgage [‘mɔrɡɪdʒ]n.v 房貸 


tags: honesty, integrity, personal responsibility, truth-telling

 

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  •  
  •  
  •  

Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

There’s a strong link between imperfection, unconditional love and posttraumatic growth. In truth, we can only witness unconditional love in the hard times. If you believe in luck or miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins and the seven heavenly virtues. According to the Bible, no one will be exempt from life challenges, including the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9). God expects us to stay hopeful and “rejoice in our sufferings,” because “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we learn. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between the brain and stomach is bidirectional. Excessive sugar intake sabotages our immune system and 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” It’s worth noting that muscle-building helps regulate blood sugar levels. There is growing evidence that reduced muscle mass is associated with hyperglycemia. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness Be aware of the power of tenderness, humility and subconscious mind. Generally, negative emotions root in the inability to forgive, vanity or pride. People suffer from suppressed anger. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace nor unconditional love. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. I would say, inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Trauma is highly linked to chronic fatigue and chronic illness. Take time to deal with your old mental wounds. 脖子控管自律神經!肩頸僵硬,「自律神經」就會被受到壓迫!自律神經失調引發的症狀包括頭痛、暈眩、焦慮、失眠、倦怠、口渴、耳鳴,甚至憂鬱等症狀。自律神經失調了,血液的品質也會跟著惡化!解法:甩手操。腸胃健康和大腦健康息息相關,國外大力探討久坐對身體的傷害!健康建議:天芢無糖抹茶搭配芝麻和牛奶X 無糖豆漿X鹼性飲食X淋巴按摩X練肌耐力(控制血糖的關鍵)。鈣是解痛劑。維生素E主修復,可加速傷口癒合。高壓容易緊張族群可多攝取維生素B和鈣的食物。一夜白頭是心理影響身體的鐵證,勿低估負面情緒對身體的傷害,包括生悶氣或憂愁。詳情請參看網站醫療專欄。壞脾氣一定有理由,可能是高血糖或創傷症候群或高壓族群,而壞情緒會把幸運(福氣)和天使嚇跑。禍福相依,好消息可能會成為頭痛點,壞消息可能成為跳點!不屬於自己的只會逗留,不會久留,勿強求。引用小說《推理愛》:「判斷一個人愛不愛她很難,但判斷一個人珍不珍惜她卻很簡單。」「帶著疤,才可以找到真正愛你的人。」「柔和」「謙卑」與「歸零」的力量。自信缺氧,就用力學習。不自律就無法成為更好的自己,不自律就無法肯定自己!提醒自己:做該做的而不是想做的。預防改善糖尿病推薦食材:洋蔥、無糖抹茶、咖哩及酪梨。理財時代,從照顧好自己的健康開始。遠離乳癌,醫師呼籲不要使用塑膠袋裝熱食!國外研究證實:阿茲海默症患者「禁糖」便可望痊癒!人們低估了「糖過量」及「過食」對身體的破壞力。咖啡和巧克力的好被過度放大.精神不濟時喝咖啡,恐消耗體內維生素B。聖經說了,上帝洞察我們的所有動機,而我們說過的每句話都會被記錄在一本書裡!吐黑水霸凌他人的人,其實都會付出代價的,在適當的時間,所以謹言慎行。好壞都被記錄了,所以聖經要求人們可揭惡,並糾正他人,但不可牢記他人的過錯!最佳午睡時間是20分鐘和90分鐘。以上,互相督促。生命線協談專線:1995 安心專線:1925 張老師專線:1980 自殺防治諮詢安心專線:0800-788995

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