商業英語和日常英語單字庫 不定時更新 Business English| Vocabulary

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電子商務中的 B2B、C2C、B2C、C2B ,是現在很多人必聊的流行語,所以一定要知道。

電子商務(英文:E-Commerce)大略分成 B2B、C2C、B2C、C2B 4種模式。C可以指customer 或consumer 

B2B(Business to Business):企業之間的交易平台。知名的 B2B 電商平台包括中國阿里巴巴集團的 1688,台灣經貿網,Ebay Business Supply 平台。

C2C(Customer to Customer):以消費者間的互相交易為主,而電商平台則主要負責管理、匯流資訊,譬如yahoo拍賣,每消費者透過競價得到商品。強調消費者自行上網找喜歡的商品,平台幫助物流、電子支付等等。電商平台提供保障跟方便性。知名的 C2C 電商平台有 Ebay、淘寶等。

B2C(Business to Customer)Amazon、天貓都是經營 B2C 電子商務的網站。B2C 發展出了許多不同類型的服務,包括入口網站、訂閱型電子商務(Subscription Ecommerce)朝向個人化服務。而團購網站其實還是以 傾向於 B2C 業務為主。

C2B(Customer to Business)C2B 電商平台是以消費者為核心,營運模式是以消費者的定價為主,廠商生產消費者所需要的商品

B2B2C & O2O

 B2B2C(電商平台串聯上游廠商 ,將商品賣給消費者)、O2O(Online to Offline,線上消費帶動線下活動)等等。延伸閱讀:B to B 與B to C市場的差異(一)


 surefire adj.  [informal] 英文解釋:certain or likely, especially to succeed

blooper n.  英文解釋:a funny mistake made by an actor during the making of a film or television programme and usually removed before the film or programme is shown

C/P值 :原文: capability/price,指的是性能與價格的比值。簡稱性價比

 

BUSINESS ENGLISH VOCABULARY

 

 

A.T.M.  = 

Automated Teller Machine 自動提款機 

Banknote 

紙鈔 

cash dispenser

= cash machine 

currency

貨幣 

legal tender

法定貨幣 

petty cash

小額現金

refund

退款 ; reimburse(補償賠償

withdraw

提款 v. 

 

除了大家聽到的advertising agency& campaign 再補充幾個單字 

 

AIDA

Attention, Interest, Desire, Action 

billboard

告示牌/公告 Signboard for advertising

broadsheet

大幅報紙  Newspaper printed in a large format.

classified ads

分類廣告 .

commercial

電視或廣播廣告 

coupon

優惠卷 折價卷 .

double-page spread

報章跨兩頁的廣告

eye-catcher

吸睛的事物 

features

商品特性 

 

公司職缺中英文對照表

COO(chief operating officer)營運長

CIO(chief information officer)資訊長

CMO(chief marketing officer)行銷長

slave driver: 公司內部的嚴厲主管

run a tight ship: 管得很嚴的上司

brain drain人才外流

dead in the water停滯不前、一灘死水

heavy hitters重要而有影響力的人

deep bench人才濟濟

front end: 前端作業back end: 後勤支援

go-getters: 積極主動的人

greenfield生手、新興企業

 

買賣股票常用中英文術語對照表

Ex-Dividend(XD)(Without Dividend) Date除息日

Expiration Date到期日

Ex-Right(XRT) 除權

Face value面值

Floor交易大廳

Floor Order Tickets場內委託單

Free-Riding自由放縱投機行為

Frozen Account凍結帳戶

Fundamental Analysis基本面分析

Futures期貨

Gap跳空

In the Tank跳水

Head and Shoulders頭肩形

Highballing高價交易

Holder of Record登記持股人

Holding the Market託盤

Horizontal Price Movement橫盤

Hot Issue搶手證券

Inactive Market不活躍市場

Index指數

Insider內幕人

Institution機構投資者

Issued-and-Outstanding Stocks已發行流通股

Issuer發行人

Joint Account聯合帳戶

Last Trading Day最後交易日

Liquidation清倉

Offer要價

Offering (Asked) Price賣方要價

Offering Date發行日

Listed Stock上市股票

Long Market value所持證券市場價值

Long Position多頭頭寸

Manipulation*

Marketability市場流動性

Liquidity流動性

Negotiability流通性

Market Price市場價格

Market value市場價值

Matched Orders對敲指令

Merger合併

New Issue新發行

Off-Floor Order場外委託

On-Floor Order場內委託

On the Tape行情顯示

Reading the Tape看盤

(Ticker) Tape行情顯示系統

Advance-Decline Theory 漲跌理論

Arbitrage套利

Arbitrageur套利者

As Agent做代理

Ask-Bid System競價系統

At-the-Close Order收盤指令

At-the-Market按市價

At-the-Opening(Opening Only)Order開盤指令

Back Up逆向變化

Bar Chart條線圖

Base Market value基準市場價值

Bearish行情看跌

 

Bear Market熊市

Bear Raiders大量拋空者

Bid-and-Asked Quotation(or Quote)買方報價和賣方報價(報價)

 

Blowout暢銷

Blue-Chip Stocks藍籌股

Breakout突破

Bullish行情看漲

Bull Market牛市

Cancellation取消

Capitalization資本

Certificate證券證書

Buying Power購買力

Climax(Buying/Selling)放量(買/賣)

Close收盤價

Closing Transaction平倉交易

Commission傭金

Congestion Area震盪區

Cornering the Market*縱市場

 

Corporation股份公司

Cum Rights含權

Cyclical Stock週期性股票

Date of Record 登記日

Day Order當日委託指令

Day Trading日交易

Dealer交易商

 

Descending Tops下降頂點趨勢

Dip回調股

Distribution Area整理區

Diversification分散投資

Dividends紅利

Don”t Fight the Tape順行情交易

Double Bottom雙底

Double Top雙頂

 

Dumping拋售

Effective Date生效日期

Ex-Distribution(X DisOpening 開盤價

Opening Only Order開盤委託指令

Opening Transaction建倉交易

 

Oversold超賣

Overvalued估值過高

P(rice)/E(arnings) Ratio市盈率

Paper Loss/Profit帳面損益

Pennant尖旗形

Picture行情

Place發售

 

Portfolio證券組合

Position頭寸

Price Range價格範圍

Primary Distribution(Offering)初次發售

Primary Market次級市場

Primary Movement大趨勢

Principals(Stockholders)股東

Principal value本金值

Profit Taking獲利回吐

 

Public Offering(Distribution)公開發售

Purchasing(Buying) Power購買力

Rally反彈

Record Date登記日

Reorganization資產重組

Resistance阻擋區

Resistance level阻擋線

Reversal反轉

Rigged Market*縱的市場

Rising Bottom上升谷底趨勢

Rounding Bottom(Saucer)圓底

Rounding Top圓頂

Screen(Stocks)選股

Secondary Distribution(Offering)二次發售

Secondary Market二級市場

Securities Analysis證券分析

Security證券

Seek a Market尋求入市機會

Selling Off(Sell-Off)止損拋售

Share股份

Short Position空頭頭寸

Soft Market疲軟市場

Speculation投機

Split Down並股

Spread價差

 

Stag攫利者

Stagflation滯脹

Stagnation蕭條

Stockholder(Shareholder)持股人

Stocks股票

Substitution(Swap)替代(互換)

Support支撐區

Support Level支撐線

 

Subscription Ratio認購比率

Sweetener甜頭

Takeover接管

Technical Analysis技術分析

Technical Sign技術訊號

Tight Market旺市

弱市Weak Market

 

Tip提供消息

 

Total Cost總成本

Total Volume總成交量

Trade Date交易日

交易大廳Trading Floor

交易授權 Trading Authorization

趨勢線Trend line

估價過低Undervalued

未發行股票Unissued Stock

上升趨勢Uptrend

易量Volume

楔形Wedge

WW Formation

除息 Without Dividend

 

 

 

職場英文國貿外貿術語 縮寫表格統整  (實用指數: 五顆星)

B/L bill of lading)提單

C/D (customs declaration)報關單

D/P(document against payment)付款交單

D/A (document against acceptance)承兌交單

DOC (document)文件、單據

CTN/CTNS(carton/cartons)紙箱

C.O (certificate of origin)一般原產地證明

C&F(cost&freight)成本加運費價

CIFcost,insurance&freight)成本、保險加運費價

EA(each) 每個,各DL/DLS(dollar/dollars)美元

DOZ/DZ(dozen)一打

PCE/PCS(piece/pieces)只、個、支等

EXP (export)出口

IMP(import)進口

PKG(package)一包,一捆,一紮,一件

WT(weight)重量

w/o(without)沒有W (with)具有

MAX (maximum)最大的、最大限度的
MIN (minimum)
最小的,最低限度
M
MED (medium)中等,中級的

G.W.(gross weight)毛重

N.W.(net weight)淨重

G.S.P.(generalized system of preferences)普惠制

PRPRC(price) 價格

FOBfree on board)離岸價
PCT (percent)
百分比

PUR (purchase)購買、購貨

M/Vmerchant vessel)商船

S.S(steamship)船運

P/L (packing list)裝箱單、明細表

S/M shipping marks)裝船標記

STL.(style)式樣、款式、類型

FAC(facsimile)傳真

TLTXTX(telex)電傳

EMS (express mail special)特快傳遞

INV (invoice)發票

INTinternational)國際

REF reference)參考、查價

MTM/T(metric ton)公噸

RMBrenminbi)人民幣

S/Csales contract)銷售確認書

 L/C letter of credit)信用證

     

 

 

商務英語筆記: 主題: 外包

Theme: Advantages and Disadvantages of Outsourcing Production

l   weigh the pros and cons :衡量利弊evaluate the potential advantages and disadvantages

l   The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) defines outsourcing as “the movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house, by employees paid directly by a company, to a different company.”

If outsourcing production is located in other countries, then outsourcing itself becomes off-shoring.

Offshoring: 離岸

Significant advantages:

l   cheap overseas labor

l   lower tariffs

l   local market access: added incentives

 

                                   

C&I(Cost & Insurance): 公式:FOB+I=C&I

賣方除負責將貨物裝至裝貨港大船上並負責投保海上保險及負擔保費。

CIF&C(Cost, Insurance, Freight & Commission)

佣金:指出口商給代理商的佣金報酬。
賣方所報CIF 價內包含付代理商佣金。

CIF&E(Cost, Insurance, Freight & Exchange匯費)買方所報CIF價包含匯兌費用

賣方向銀行辦理押匯或兌付票款的費用。

CIF&I(Cost, Insurance, Freight & Interest)CIF 價包含付利息費用

賣方在交貨後至收回貨款前此期間的利息。

CIF Cleared 通關交貨價 : 屬出口地價

賣方負擔海上運費、保險費,並負擔進口國通關的稅捐費用

CIF Duty Paid 保運費及關稅在內

CIF Landed 保運費卸地價

賣方負擔海上運費及保險費,及進口港的卸貨費用,包括駁船費及碼頭費。

Payment Terms

 

 

PIA – Payment in advance

CIA – Cash in advance

Net 7 – Payment seven days after invoice date

CWO – Cash with order

21 MFI – 21st of the month following invoice date

EOM – End of month

1% 10 Net 30 – 1% discount if payment received within ten days otherwise payment 30 days after invoice date

COD – Cash on delivery 貨到付款

CND – Cash next delivery

CBS – Cash before shipment

•1MD – Monthly credit payment of a full month’s supply

•2MD – Monthly credit payment of a full month’s supply plus an extra calendar month

Letter of credit – 信用證A documentary credit confirmed by a bank, commonly used for export

Bill of exchange –匯票

Stage payment – 階段付款

Accumulation discounts – Discounts for large purchases

Disability discount – Offer to customers with a disability

forward trading期貨交易

Sliding scale浮動費率制– It is calculated on a person’s ability to pay. This is common with non-profit organizations.

Partial payment discount – Whenever a seller needs cash flow

Forward dating – Moving the invoice date forward so that the payment is made after receipt of goods

Prompt payment discount – The wholesaler or manufacturer gives a discount to the retailer at the list price 定價/catalogue price. ( quoted price 報價)

 

                        

Payment Terms Examples

 

PIA – Payment in advance

Net 7 – Payment seven days after invoice date

 

21 MFI – 21st of the month following invoice date

EOM – End of month

1% 10 Net 30 – 1% discount if payment received within ten days otherwise payment 30 days after invoice date

COD – Cash on delivery

Cash account – Account conducted on a cash basis, no credit

Letter of credit – A documentary credit confirmed by a bank, often used for export

Bill of exchange – A promise to pay at a later date, usually supported by a bank

CND – Cash next delivery

CBS – Cash before shipment

CIA – Cash in advance

CWO – Cash with order

1MD – Monthly credit payment of a full month’s supply

2MD – Monthly credit payment of a full month’s supply plus an extra calendar month

 

Contra – Payment from the customer offset against the value of supplies purchased from the customer

Stage payment – Payment of agreed amounts at stage

Discount Payment Terms

Accumulation discounts – Discounts for large purchases

Coupons – These have certain terms, such as a certain quantity has to be purchased or if the customer is past a certain age

Disability discount – Offer to customers with a disability

Discount card – Issuing cards that give certain customers or any customer a discount

Educational or student discount – Usually given to students, but may go to educators

Employee discount – Offered to employees

Forward dating – Moving the invoice date forward so that the payment is made after receipt of goods

Military discount – Offered to members of the military and family members

Partial payment discount – When a seller needs cash flow, he may offer a partial discount

Preferred payment method discount – Some retailers give customers a lower price if they pay with cash. This saves the fee the retailer pays on credit cards.

Prompt payment discount – The wholesaler or manufacturer gives a discount to the retailer at the list price or catalogue price. This sometimes applies to promotions.

Rebates – A refund mailed to the purchaser after a purchase

Sliding scale – This discount is calculated on a person’s ability to pay. This is common with non-profit organizations.

Seasonal discount – Usually this is given during a slack period when sales are down.

Toddler discount, child discount, or kid discount – This covers free or discounted prices for children under a certain age. There is usually a requirement that an adult pay full price.

Trade discount – Payments for functions such as shelf stocking, warehousing or shipping

Trade-in credit – A discount for something that is returned

 

 

公司職稱中英對照表

 

Chairman總裁                      Vice Chairman副總裁
  (會長)  (主席)

President董事長  (社長)    Vice President副董事長

Director of Board董事

Supervisor 監事 (主任)  

 

Managing Supervisor常務監事
 董事 / 理事 / 總監處長 / 協理 Director

執行董事 / 常務董事 Executive Director ED

 

 

General Manager總經理(G.M. )

Assistant Manager副理
Junior Manager襄理
Administration Manager
行政經理

部門經理Section Manager

 

Chief Executive Officer執行長(CEO)
Chief Financial Officer
財務長(CFO)
Chief Information Officer
資訊長(CIO)
Chief Knowledge Officer
知識長(CKO)
Chief Operating Officer營運長(COO)
Chief Technology Officer
技術長(CTO)


Regional Manger
地區經理
Fund Manager
財務經理
Accounting Manager
會計部經理

Market Development Manager 市場開發部經理
Legal Adviser 法律顧問Legal法務

Factory Chief廠長Factory Sub-Chief副廠長

Assistant Vice President協理(A.V.P.)

Office Clerk 職員

 

Senior Secretary 高階秘書
Administration Staff
行政人員

Team Leader組長
Section Manager
課長
Director
處長Vice Director副處長

Assistant助理
Administrative Assistant
行政助理
Office Assistant
辦公室助理

Special Assistant特別助理

Typist 打字員

 

Consultant顧問

Management Consultant 管理顧問
Senior Consultant/Adviser
高階顧問

F.X. (Foreign Exchange)Clerk 外匯部職員
F.X. Settlement Clerk 外匯部核算員

General Auditor 審計長

Accounting Clerk記帳員

General Affairs總務
Financial
財務
Personnel Manager
人事部經理
Human Resources
人力資源(HR)

Procurement採購
Buyer 採購員

Bond Analyst 證券分析員
Bond Trader
證券交易員
Cashier 出納員

Trust Banking Executive 銀行高級職員
Insurance Actuary
保險公司理賠員

Customer Service客服
Specialist
專員

Marketing行銷Product Marketing產品行銷Programming規劃
Project
專案Sales業務
Public Relations
公關

Advertising Staff 廣告工作人員
Copywriter 廣告文字撰稿人

Market Analyst 市場分析員

Marketing Executive 銷售主管
Marketing Representative
銷售代表

Package Designer 包裝設計師
Proof-reader
校對員

Project Staff 項目策劃人員

Production Engineer 産品工程師
Maintenance Engineer
維修工程師
Manufacturing Engineer
制造工程師
Civil Engineer 土木工程師
Electrical Engineer
電氣工程師
Systems Engineer
系統工程師

Systems Operator 系統操作員

Quality Assurance品保(QA)

Quality Control品管(QC)

Operator作業員
Technician
技術員

Management Information System資訊管理系統(MIS)
Maintenance
維修

Computer Processing Operator 計算機處理操作員

Sales Assistant 銷售助理
Sales Executive
銷售主管
Seller Representative
銷售代表

Telecommunication Executive電訊(電信)員

 

 

 

儲備幹部 Management Associate MA / Management Trainee MT

廠長 Factory Manager / Plant Manager / Factory Director

 

主任 / 組長 Supervisor / Director / Chief

 

 

 

 

公務員職稱

 

President總統vice president副總統

Tourist Guide 導遊

Security Officer 安全人員

Securities Custody Clerk 保安人員

Real Estate Staff 房地産職員

Postal Clerk 郵政人員

Editor-in-Chief: 總編

 

 

         

相機鏡頭 中英術語

分辨率 image resolution/ resolution ratio

焦點 focal point

解析度 resolution

畸變率aberration rate

景深depth-of-field : DOF

色差 chromatic   aberration

陰影效果shadow effect

有效FNO

倍率multiplying power

數值孔徑numerical aperture= NA

曲折率tortuosity ratio

Xenon Lamp氙灯

光纖 fiber

受光角acceptance angle

光束 light beam

LED: Light Emitting Diode

Luminous quantity 發光量

color temperature

 

光度luminosity

 

國貿經濟術語

通貨膨脹率(Inflation Rate):是貨幣超發部分與實際需要的貨幣量之比

反映通貨膨脹、貨幣貶值的程度。

指一般價格總水平在一定時期(通常是一年)內的上漲率。

全面地反映了商品流通對貨幣的需要量

消費者價格指數(CPI)是最能充分、全面反映通貨膨脹率的價格指數,來反映通貨膨脹的程度。

 

 

生產者價格指數(Producer Price Index): PPI

消費者價格指數(Consumer Price Index): CPI

零售物價指數(Retail Price Index): RPI

 Tag: theme, advertising, payment, everyday expenses, bank account, money, Finance services, companies, posters, prospective customers,publication

Margaret W. Lavigne

In truth, there’s a strong link between imperfection, unconditional love and post-traumatic growth. If you believe in luck or miracles, be aware of the seven deadly sins. According to the Bible, a blessed life is not a life without trails, including the righteous and the chosen ones (1 Peter 1:3-9).God expect us to “rejoice in our sufferings,” because “trials of various kinds” are training to make us “perfect and complete” (Romans 5:3-6, James 1:1-27). When your life track differs from your original plan, don’t be scared. It’s comforting to know that “God promises to make something good out of the storm” for those who remain righteous, tender and humble in any circumstances (Roman 8: 28). We fall and we learn. As we learn to humble ourselves, life gets better. The connection between brain and stomach is bidirectional. Excessive sugar intake sabotages our immune system and 70% to 80% of our immunity hinges on our gut health. Memory loss and cognitive impairment are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, all of which are highly connected to type 2 diabetes. Early signs of type 2 diabetes include chronic fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, vision problems and slow wound healing. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), around half diabetic cases experience nerve damage. Depression is prevalent in people with diabetes due to the fact that diabetes causes “structural changes in the brain.” It’s worth noting that muscle-building helps regulate blood sugar levels.There is growing evidence that reduced muscle mass is associated with hyperglycaemia. Beyond that, there’s a strong link between sleep deprivation and emotional weakness. Be aware of the power of tenderness, humility and subconscious mind. Be aware of the cost of negative emotions, such as suppressed anger and sorrow. God is watching our every move. God sees through our motives. Every spoken word will be recorded by God. Mental health crisis is sweeping on a global scale, because the core value of capitalism is incompatible with what human truly needs. Money cannot purchase inner peace nor unconditional love. Wealth incurs fair-weather friends, frenemies and snobs. Inner peace is the utmost blessing from God. Do not ignore negative emotions. Take time to deal with your old mental wounds once and for all. 腸胃健康和大腦健康息息相關,國外大力探討久坐對身體的傷害!健康建議:天芢無糖抹茶搭配芝麻和牛奶X 鹼性飲食X淋巴按摩X練肌耐力(控制血糖)。鈣是解痛劑。維生素E主修復,可加速傷口癒合。高壓容易緊張族群,可多攝取維生素B和鈣的食物。一夜白頭是心理影響身體的鐵證,勿低估負面情緒對身體的傷害,包括生悶氣或憂愁。詳情請參看網站醫療專欄。支持網站的方式,是幫忙把文章分享出去。壞脾氣和壞情緒會把福氣和天使嚇跑。禍福相依,不屬於自己的只會逗留,不會久留,勿強求。引用小說《推理愛》:「判斷一個人愛不愛她很難,但判斷一個人珍不珍惜她卻很簡單。」「帶著疤,才可以找到真正愛你的人。」創傷之所以存在,往往不是事件本身,而是人們的負面解讀和負面標籤。拔牙與產子都是巨痛,但創傷比例偏低,是因為人們給予事件正面的存在意義,並且相信所有人都能熬過去的意志。正視「柔和」「謙卑」與「歸零」的力量。自信缺氧,就用力學習。不自律就無法成為更好的自己,不自律就無法肯定自己!提醒自己:做該做的而不是想做的。預防改善糖尿病推薦食材:洋蔥、無糖抹茶、咖哩及酪梨。理財時代,從照顧好自己的健康開始。遠離乳癌,醫師呼籲不要使用塑膠袋裝熱食!國外研究證實:阿茲海默症患者「禁糖」便可望痊癒!人們低估了「糖過量」及「過食」對身體的破壞力。咖啡和巧克力的好被過度放大。最佳午睡時間是20分鐘和90分鐘。生命線協談專線:1995 安心專線:1925 張老師專線:1980

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2 個回應

  1. beei表示:

    你感到實用真是太好了..(థฺˇ౪ˇథ) 每次的留言都給我會心一笑的鼓勵ჰჰჰ❛‿❛ჴჴჴ謝謝你!

  2. 爛泥迪爾表示:

    這些片語實在是太實用了吧!!!!!!!
    好久沒有閱讀英文讀起來還真有點生疏啊

    這篇我可以再來反覆閱讀一下

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