English Literature : American Dream and the Lost Generation

American Dream and the Lost Generation

Key information:

American dream is credit with a dominating vision of freedom, equality and expectation of material success. It promises individuals that they are relieved from hierarchical social structure and ancient prejudice and free to pursue their life goals through perseverance and free choice. Altogther, the American dream promises that  a “better, richer, and happier life” is approachable for everyone. In brief, American dream is grounded in a hopeful vision of discovery, and pursuit of happiness in propagating the idea that individual’s hard labor will equal to their rewards. It can be measured as the starting point of individualism. At the core, the conception of an overinflated ambition is accused. In a sense, it builds a cohesive American experience but it has also been blamed for overinflated expectations of success.

Vocabulary review:

l  cohesive 凝聚性

l  overinflated 過度誇張

key words: class differences, class emancipation

Note: The idea is initiated by James Truslow Adamsin 1931 and is noted in the Declaration of Independence which states that all men essentially have certain inalienable Rights including” life, liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

The product of distorted American dream: The Lost Generation

頹廢迷失而憤世嫉俗的一代

l   Civil War 1861-1865

l   WWI 1914-1918

l   After war: The lost generation 1920s

l   WWII: post modernism

Characteristic:

l   spiritually alienated

l   emotionally barren

Key information:

l   During WWI, the titled lost generation establishes their reputations in the 1920s. In general, they are haunted by a sense of betray toward the grandiose patriotic war manifesto and turn out to be cynical and views the traditional or inherited values as timeout values. In facing the emptiness about the destructive world, people’s beliefs are severely shattered and troubled with sense of disillusionment.Ultimately, they characterize their sorrowful and unfulfilled life experience by living with purposeless, aimless activities, such as heavy drinking and haunting games.

Note:拋棄過去所有傳統依附的價值,豪放不羈將生活沉淪在各種沒有意義的活動上,內心實則處在”快要溺斃”的狀態。

Related works 相關作品:

All of these works reject the time-honored concept of” the melting pot”

Prominent works:

Ø          The snows of Kilimanjaro 1936 , The Sun Also rise~ Hemingway hero

Ø          Faulkner, Barn Burning 1938

Ø          The Sound and The Fury 1929 ~ Civil War and the decline of the South

Ø          The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald~ easy money, decayed social and moral values and material pleasures.奢侈蔓延的年代

Ø            The Death of a Salesman ~ blind faith and domestic concerns 失敗者的心酸

Ø          The Raisin in The Sun ~ racial prejudice and discrimination made the ambitious dream deferred.

Similarity: decadent, unfulfilled life.

 

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司馬 儀

司馬儀希望可以建立一個「一輩子所需的資料庫和知識庫」。周末照常發稿。會盡可能日日更新的。網站有很多分類,包括旅遊美食、時事(像是柯P政績懶人包、柯文哲名言)、養生醫療、日英語教學(看電影學英文、看影集學英文、用日文告白、用日文點餐等等) 、電視劇影集及電影、讀物分享(像是中文小說等等閱讀心得)、音樂、兩性專欄(譬如該不該避嫌)、逛街地圖等等。如果有希望了解的題材,也都歡迎留言或提問。小編本身屬於害怕無聊的生物,算是相對不害怕獨處的人類,一旦喜歡任何事物,就會非常專注。喜歡剪貼報章雜誌蒐集美好。小時候是離不開收音機的小孩,不愛偵探片。愛讀報愛剪貼,就愛戴上偵探的瞳孔探追根究。怕黑,排斥恐怖片。購物,是批發控,高度執著CP值。喜歡透過相機留下記憶點。 首本療癒系小說處女作《推理愛》由黃宥嘉醫生掛名推薦寫序。過去文章以本名或筆名陸續刊登於各平台,包括「自由時報」「東森新聞官網」「TVBS官網」「蘋果日報官網」「姊妹淘」。2017年在TVBS專欄發表過的所有文章都收錄在個人網站https://beeigood.com。2017年秋天開始熱愛花圃種植,2018看過印象最深刻的特別想推薦的是動漫【リライフ】、韓劇【迷霧】、大陸劇【北京青年】、大陸劇【新結婚時代】、影集【13 Reasons Why】等等。遠期的心願是撥空寫完英文小說,目標是在Amazon上架(有興趣可以留言詢問)。如果你剛好喜歡我的網站或文章,希望留言告訴我你的想法。擁擁有非常多筆名。還有,歡迎分享養生文章或台語老歌的歌單給長輩們。近期特別喜歡的proverb「心存善念,盡力而為」。十月分開始,試圖嘗試多攝取鹼性食物(很多人都晚歸或晚餐吃的晚,但剛吃飽不能馬上睡覺噢)。共勉之。喜歡文章的話,請務必透過FB或IG或Gmail分享文章網址給身旁的friends。司馬儀個人信箱:jpsiawase@gmail.com【澳洲打工度假】相關問題也可以詢問。最後,必須說,從pixnet部落格搬家至zi.media【字媒體】,是我人生少數做過艱難卻最正確的決定。擁有自己的網站是很棒的歸屬感。推薦給所有樂愛寫作的讀者們。還有,盜文者們,請停止盜文,我會直接向Google檢舉的,請勿以身試法。

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6 個回應

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