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1958年被當成仿畫僅賣得1780台幣的畫作,2018年成為全球最貴畫作…..

義大利文藝復興大師達文西畫作《救世主》(Salvator Mundi)2017年在紐約佳士得拍賣會拍出4.503億美元(約138億台幣)天價,成為全球最貴畫作。《救世主》於1500年前後完成。英國牛津大學藝術史學家蘭德魯斯(Matthew Landrus)將《救世主》歸為「達文西工作室」作品,認為達文西僅參與一開始的設計和最後收尾部分,其他都是助手畫的。蘭德魯斯表示:「這是達文西和助手合力完成的作品,尤以盧伊尼(Bernardino Luini)的畫風最為明顯。」該畫僅2到3成出自達文西之手。蘭德魯斯表示那個時代很流行眾人合力完成畫作「重要的是達文西曾參與其中。」

▲盧伊尼是生於1480年代的義大利北部畫家,畫風跟達文西相近,作品多以基督教為主題作畫,作品《聖母、聖子、聖喬治與天使》在倫敦僅拍得約685萬台幣。

▲Madonna col bambino e san Giovannino, Lichtenstein Museum

▲Conversion of the Magdalene or Allegory of Modesty and Vanity by Bernardino Luini, c. 1520

▲這幅畫據信是法王路易十二委任,過去被認為是盧伊尼的作品,1958年被當成仿畫,當時僅賣得約1780台幣,2011年被藝品仲介買下修繕,認定是達文西真跡,2017年阿布達比文化及觀光部在拍賣會上以天價標下。據媒體報導,這幅畫甚至一度被當作達文西學生的作品而隨意賣。目前作品巡迴展出,卻轟動一時。

人們愛的究竟是畫作,還是達文西這個名字背後的魅力?如果人們愛達文西,那麼世界最昂貴的畫作竟不是達文西獨立完成的個人畫作?

同場加印:美國暢銷小說家《達文西密碼》作者丹·布朗慷慨分享寫作技巧「作家們,要好好運用你們的橡皮擦。」

同場加印:The Da Vinci Code Inspirational Quotes 重溫《達文西密碼》經典英文名言

《救世主》的身價究竟憑什麼這麼高?蘭德魯說:「我認為助手也可能提高畫的價值,尤其盧伊尼實際上是為這畫增色。」

Matthew Landrus看過兩次《救世主》並仔細研究高清掃描照,他說耶穌身上的袍子、腰帶和後方布簾,明顯出自魯伊尼之手,而耶穌的臉、雙手和用暈塗法畫成的水晶球,出自達文西。將在阿布達比羅浮宮展出。

 

Margaret W. Lavigne 司馬儀

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